Assalaamualikum Wr Wb,
Here are some Adillah from the Authentic Ahadeeth which speak about the Sutra(anything placed in front of the person performing Salah so as to act as a barrier). Many of us either don’t know or just ignore the use of Sutra. Inshallah let us learn and try to implement its use.
Saheeh Al Bukhari
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 473:
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
Whenever Allah’s Apostle came out on ‘Id day, he used to order that a Harba (a short spear) to be planted in front of him (as a Sutra for his prayer) and then he used to pray facing it with the people behind him and used to do the same while on a journey. After the Prophet , this practice was adopted by the Muslim rulers (who followed his traditions).
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 474:
Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:
I heard my father saying, “The Prophet led us, and prayed a two-Rak’at Zuhr prayer and then a two-Rak’at ‘Asr prayer at Al-Batha’ with an ‘Anza (planted) in front of him (as a Sutra) while women and donkeys were passing in front of him (beyond that ‘Anza).”
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 477:
The Prophet used to get a Harba planted in front of him (as a Sutra) and pray behind it.
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 478:
Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:
that he had heard his father saying, “Allah’s Apostle came to us at mid-day and water was brought for his ablution. He performed ablution and led us in Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers with an ‘Anza planted in front of him (as a Sutra), while women and donkeys were passing beyond it.”
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 480:
Narrated Abu Juhaifa:
Allah’s Apostle came out at midday and offered a two-Rak’at Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers at Al-Batha and an ‘Anza was planted in front of him (as a Sutra). He performed ablution and the people took the remaining water left after his ablution and rubbed their bodies with it.
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 481:
Narrated Yazid bin Al ‘Ubaid:
I used to accompany Salama bin Al-Akwa’ and he used to pray behind the pillar which was near the place where the Quran’s were kept I said, “O Abu Muslim! I see you always seeking to pray behind this pillar.” He replied, “I saw Allah’s Apostle always seeking to pray near that pillar.”
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 482:
I saw the most famous people amongst the companions of the Prophet hurrying towards the pillars at the Maghrib prayer before the Prophet came for the prayer.
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 485:
“The Prophet used to make his she-camel sit across and he would pray facing it (as a Sutra).” I asked, “What would the Prophet do if the she-camel was provoked and moved?” He said, “He would take its camel-saddle and put it in front of him and pray facing its back part (as a Sutra). And Ibn ‘Umar used to do the same.” (This indicates that one should not pray except behind a Sutra).
Volume 1, Book 9, Number 488:
Narrated Abu Salih As-Samman:
I saw Abu Said Al-Khudri praying on a Friday, behind something which acted as a Sutra. A young man from Bani Abi Mu’ait, wanted to pass in front of him, but Abu Said repulsed him with a push on his chest. Finding no alternative he again tried to pass but Abu Said pushed him with a greater force. The young man abused Abu Said and went to Marwan and lodged a complaint against Abu Said and Abu Said followed the young man to Marwan who asked him, “O Abu Said! What has happened between you and the son of your brother?” Abu Sa’id said to him, “I heard the Prophet saying, ‘If anybody amongst you is praying behind something as a Sutra and somebody tries to pass in front of him, then he should repulse him and if he refuses, he should use force against him for he is a satan.’ ”
“If any of you wish to perform Salaah, then he must perform it towards a Sutrah (ie:with a Sutrah in front of him) and draw close to it”. [Aboo Daawood and Ibn Maajah..among others]
“Do not perform Salaah except that there is a Sutrah in front of you”. (Muslim)
“If any of you wish to perform Salaah, then let him place a Sutrah in front of him and draw close to it for indeed (shaytaan) the evil-one passes in front of him”. [Ibn Khuzaymah]
“Let any one of you place something similar to (the size of) the rear of a camel’s saddle (in front of him), then perform Salaah”. [Ibn Jaarood]