Top 20 Commandments of Islam


Top 20 Commandments of Islam

Tawheed in Arabic means attributing Oneness to Allaah and describing Him as being One and Unique, with no partner or peer in His Essence and Attributes.
The Arabs say waahid, ahad and waheed, all meaning one. Allaah is Waahid, meaning that He has no rivals or peers in any way. So Tawheed means knowing Allaah is One, with none like unto Him. Whoever does not acknowledge Allaah in these terms and does not describe Him as being One with no partner or associate does not believe in Tawheed.
The Prophet said, "O Mu'adh! Do you know what Allah's Right upon His slaves is?" I said, "Allah and His Apostle know best." The Prophet said, "To worship Him (Allah) Alone and to join none in worship with Him (Allah). Do you know what their right upon Him is?" I replied, "Allah and His Apostle know best." The Prophet said, "Not to punish them (if they do so)." (Sahih Bukhari)

Salat or prayer is the first pillar of Islam that the Prophet, may God praise him, mentioned after mentioning the Testimony of Faith, by which one becomes a Muslim. It was made obligatory upon all the prophets and for all peoples. God has declared its obligatory status under majestic circumstances. For example, when God spoke directly to Moses, He said,
[And establish regular prayer and give zakah and obey the Messenger, that you may receive mercy] (S24, A56)
[And be steadfast in prayer; give zakah and bow down your heads with those who bow down 'in worship] (S2, A43) [They are those who, if We establish them in the land, establish regular prayer and give zakah, enjoin the right and forbid the wrong. With Allah rests the end (and decision) of (all) affairs] (S22, A41)
If we lose Salah, God forbid, we lose everything, in this life and in the hereafter. That is truly a disaster. This is what the Holy Qur’an says about those communities who gave up their Salah: [But after them there followed future generations who lost the Prayers and followed after lusts. Soon, then, will they face destruction] (S19, A59).

Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Mecca obligatory for Muslims. Haj was practiced before Prophet Muhammad (S) came, but the latter removed the false worshipped idols and ended all pagan beliefs and practices, which had changed gradually the way of Ibraheem and Ismaeel (A) as well as the Ka'bah's sanctity. Many rituals were innovated by people over time, but Prophet Muhammad (S) showed his companions with every detail how to perform the best pilgrimage. He (S) said,
"O people! Learn from me the way how to perform your Hajj rituals for I do not know if I will be able to make Hajj next year or not." [Muslim, An-Nassaa'i, Abu Dawud, and Ahmad].

Zakat is the Obligatory alms which need to be given annually by every adult, mentally stable, free, and financially able Muslim, male and female, to support specific categories people:
This category of people is defined in surah at-Taubah (9) verse 60:
"The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarers; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is knower, Wise." (The Holy Qur'an 9:60)..
The obligatory nature of Zakat is firmly established in the Qur'an, the Sunnah (or hadith), and the consensus of the companions and the Muslim scholars.

Fasting in Ramadan
Fasting the month of Ramadan is an obligation and a great worship. It is among the best acts of obedience The obligation on the believers of fasting Ramadan is known from the Qur’an and the hadith. It was explicitly stated in Verse 183 of Surat al-Baqarah:
(O believers, Fasting is an obligation upon you as it was ordained upon the [Muslim nations] before you–to help you become pious.) Fasting was also an obligation upon the nations before the nation [Ummah] of Prophet Muhammad (sall-Allahu ta’ala ‘alaihi wa sallam).

Belief in His Angels
It is Obligatory to believe in existence of Angels in Islam.Allaah has created the angels from light. They are honourable slaves of Allaah, who obey Him and execute His Commands; Allaah describes them by saying:
"…They do not disobey Allaah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded." [Quran: 66:6]
Belief in Books revealed by Allah:
Belief in His Books is believing that Allaah the Exalted did in reality reveal Books to His Messengers to convey them to their people. Those Books comprise the Speech of Allaah. These were doubtlessly chaste at the point of revelation, and whenever a Book or Scripture was revealed, it abrogated the preceding one. The known Divine Scriptures are: 1. The Torah, the Book Allaah revealed to Moosaa (Moses) may Allaah exalt his mention 2. The Psalms, the Book revealed to Daawood (David) may Allaah exalt his mention 3. The Gospel, revealed to 'Eesaa (Jesus) may Allaah exalt his mention
The Books in the hands of the Christians and Jews today, that is the Torah and the Bible with the Old and the New Testaments, are tampered with. Moreover, they have been abrogated by the last of Allaah's Books, the Quran.

Belief in His Messengers
Muslims attest that Allaah did send Messengers to every nation inviting them to worship Him alone. This belief also entails denouncing all gods that are worshipped besides Allaah or instead of Him, and that all Messengers were truthful and discharged their duty in the best manner. Allaah sent many messengers, and only Allaah knows how many. It is incumbent upon all Muslims to believe in all the Prophets and Messengers. He who denies one of them denies all.
Allaah says: "And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying]: 'Worship Allaah and avoid Taaghoot (i.e., false deities)..." [Quran: 16:36]
All Prophets and Messengers were human beings. Allaah distinguished them by commissioning them as Prophets and Messengers and supported them with miracles. They had no Divine qualities, and had no access to the Unseen world. However, Allaah sent Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) to all mankind saying:
"Say [O Muhammad]: 'O mankind! I am the Messenger of Allaah to you all....'" [Quran: 7:158]

Belief in the Last Day
Muslims attest to the truth of everything Allaah or His Messenger sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said about death. Allaah has not created His creation in vain. He created men and jinn to worship Him and promised paradise as a reward to those who obey Him and His Messengers, and hellfire to those who disobey Him or His Messengers. He has set a certain period for the whole universe, whose end will be the Final Hour. During the Final Hour, humans will be questioned about their deeds in this world. Those deeds will be weighed for them. One whose good deeds overweigh his evil deeds will prosper, while him whose bad deeds outweigh his good ones will be condemned to hellfire - unless he died in the state of Islam. Then, Allaah would either forgive him, or He would punish him then eventually he would enter paradise. Islam is the precondition for the acceptance of any good deed.
We shall set up scales of justice for the Day of Judgment, so that not a soul will be dealt with unjustly in the least. (Qur’an 21:47)
Belief in the Divine Preordainment and Divine Decrees (Qadhaa' and Qadr):
Doom (Qadhaa') is the general Decree of Allaah that every human shall die, whereas a Divine Decree (Qadr) is a particular Decree of Allaah or the execution of Qadhaa', that a certain person is to die at a particular time and place. Hence, believing in this article entails believing that Allaah has created everything and has foreordained its proper measure.
With Him are the keys of the Unseen. None but He knows them. And He knows what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falls but He knows it; not a grain amid the darkness of the soil, nothing of wet or dry, but (it is) in a Manifest Book. (Qur’an 6:59) The Facets of Qadr:
1. Allaah is well acquainted with everything taking place, and His Knowledge encompasses everything.
2. Allaah has pre-assigned portions of everything in the Preserved Tablet.
3. Nothing takes place in the heavens or on the earth without the Will of Allaah and His Wish. Whatever Allaah wills, takes place and whatever He does not will, does not take place.
4. Allaah is the Creator of all things. There is no other creator beside Him.

Obeying Parents
Parents and children in Islam are bound together by mutual obligations and reciprocal arrangements. Allaah Says (what means):
“…No mother should be harmed through her child, and no father through his child…” [Quran 2: 233]
Allaah Has placed the respect for the parents just one step below the belief in Allaah and true worship of Him.
Allaah says (what means): “And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], "uff," and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.” [Quran 17: 23]

Modesty and Hijab
Hijab is fard for both Men and Women.It is an agreed position by many respected scholars that the face and hands of the woman must be covered. Some scholars say it is permissible to uncover the face and the hands of the woman as long as there is no fitnah (infatuation) caused by this action
”Say unto the believer men that they cast down their gaze and guard their private parts; that is purer for them. Verily, Allah is well Aware of all that you do. Hijab for men is lowering their gaze and covering the Awrah which means everything except the face and hands should be covered for men.
”And say unto the believing women that they cast down their gaze and guard their private parts, and they display not their “Zinat” (adornment) except what becomes apparent of it; and they draw their “Khumur” (head covers) over their “Juyub” (neck-slits); and they display not their “Zinat” except to their husbands, or their fathers, or the father of their husbands, or their brothers, or their sons, or the sons of their husbands, or their brothers, or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their women or those whom their right hands possess, or the male servants void of sexual desires, or the children who have not yet attained the knowledge of women's secrets (or nakedness), and they should not strike their feet so that what they hide of their “Zinat” becomes known; and turn you all unto Allah, O you believers, so that you may be successful.” Holy Quran, 24: 30-31

Dawah means conveying the message of Islam to Non Muslims with the intention to make them Muslim. Dawah is the duty of every knowledgeble Muslim. An important matter for Muslims to realize is that dawah is an obligation upon them. Allah (subhaanahu wa taaalaa) says in the Qur’aan:
Invite to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided." (Quran, an-Nahl: 125)
"Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining al-ma`roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are successful." (Quran, Aal Imraan: 104)
The obligation of Dawah is further emphasized by the following verse which explains that not conveying the message - hiding knowledge - is disobedience to Allah that causes Allah's curse to descend upon such people, which shows that such a sin leads to the Hellfire.
"Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers." (Quran, al-Baqarah: 159)
In the same connection, the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) has stated, "Whoever hides knowledge, Allah will brand him with the branding iron from the hellfire." (Ahmad)
With regards to the reward, the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) has said:
"Whoever guides (another) to a good deed will get a reward similar to the one who performs it." (Sahih Muslim) Also, "By Allah, if Allah were to guide one man through you it would be better for you than the best type of camels." (Bukhari, Muslim)
Commanding right and forbidding wrong
Amongst the greatest obligations are amr-bil-Ma’roof (ordering for acknowledged virtues) and nahi anil munkar (forbidding from sin).
Allah (SWT) says: “And there should be a group amongst you who invite towards good, order for acknowledged virtues, forbid from sin and these it is that are the successful ones” (Ale Imran: 104). A very famous hadith declares it as an issue of faith. "Whoever amongst you sees an evil should change it with his hand. If he is unable to do that then with his tongue. If he is unable to do that, then with his heart, and that is the weakest level of Iman(faith)." [Muslim]
Ahmad narrated on the authority of Abu Bakrah that the messenger said: "If the people see the Munkar (evil, wrong doing) and they do not change it, Allah will take them with a punishment".

The Quran says:
"Fight in the cause of Allah against those who fight you, but do not transgress limits. Allah does not love transgressors." (Quran 2:190)
"If they seek peace, then seek you peace. And trust in Allah for He is the One that heareth and knoweth all things." (Quran 8:61)
In the Holy Qur'an many verses clearly show the importance of Jihad (struggling for the sake of Allah) in the life of a Muslim and urges the believers to take part in this noble duty. Allah mentions jihad in conjunction with imaan or belief, paradise and His pleasure. Any person who claims to be a sincere believer in Allah should understand the obligation of jihad.
Enjoining Rights of fellow Muslims and Neighbors
Allah, the Almighty, says:
{"Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, the poor, the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side…"} [An-Nisaa': 36]. In this verse, Allah has combined between the commandment of His worship and the commandment of treating His creation with kindness. From among this kind treatment is the treatment with the neighbor, be a Muslim or non-Muslim, relative or stranger, adjacent or remote. Thus, the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should not harm his neighbor."
Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, also narrated that it was said to the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, "O Messenger of Allah! So and so (a woman) fasts the day and performs the supererogatory night prayer but she hurts her neighbors with her tongue?" He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "There is no goodness in her. She is in Hellfire." It was also said to him: "O Messenger of Allah! So and so (a woman) performs the prescribed prayer, fasts Ramadan and gives pieces of cheese as charity , but she does not harm her neighbors?" He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "She is in Paradise." (Ahmad)
The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, swore thrice regarding the negation of faith of the one whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil. He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, also denied his admittance to Paradise. This severe threat reveals the maximization of the neighbor's right, and also reveals that harming him is from among the major sins.

Knowledge of Allah's deen
Knowledge is the road to Iman belief, and leads the person to fear Allah (S.W.T.). The fear, that is based on knowledge, regulates the person's deeds. Knowledge is the one that leads to fear of Allah, which in turn entices action. Allah (S.W.T.) said in surat Fatir, (Verse 28), what can be translated as,
"It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah." Because of that, Allah (S.W.T.) brought the people of knowledge to different higher levels according to their knowledge, For that reason Allah (S.W.T.) raised up the degree of those who have knowledge, He (S.W.T.) said in surat Al-Mujadilah, (Verse 11), what can be translated as, : "Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge."
Knowledge of deen gathers and contains all righteous deeds and it is a sign of acceptance and pleasure of Allah (S.W.T.) with His servant. Imams Bukhari and Muslim reported that the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said:
"If Allah wants to do good to a person, He makes him understand and learn the deen."

Marriage is a vital part of a Muslim’s life. In fact marriage is so important in the religion of Islam that it is declared to be one half of one’s faith. As a Muslim one should live in accordance with the Islamic Jurisprudence in the way shown by the greatest of creations and the person who was the greatest impact on mankind in the existence of the universe, The Holy Prophet Muhammad Description: Description: Description: Peace and blessings be upon him. The Prophet himself married and also encouraged others to marry. It has been reported that The Prophet Muhammad Description: Description: Description: Peace and blessings be upon him said,
‘A person who possesses the means to marry (i.e. he is able to work etc. to support a wife and children) and does not marry then he is not from amongst us (i.e. the believers).’
In another narration the Prophet Muhammad Description: Description: Description: Peace and blessings be upon him has been reported to have said,
‘Do not delay in three things; 1) The offering of the obligatory prayer. 2) The offering of the funeral prayer when the deceased’s body is present . 3) The marriage of a woman when her couple is found’ Not only has The Holy Prophet Muhammad Description: Description: Description: Peace and blessings be upon him placed emphasis on the importance of marriage but also the Creator of the Universe (Allah) has commanded His people to marry when He says in the Quran, : ‘And wed the single among you’. (chapter 24, verse 32) Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “If I only had ten days left to live and I knew that I was going to die on the last of them, and I could afford to get married, I would get married, for fear of fitnah (temptation).”
Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
“Celibacy has nothing to do with Islam at all.”
If you fear hardship for yourself and that you may and fall into sin, then in that case it is obligatory for you to get married.

Upbringing Good Children
The Prophet (s) said:
“Allah (SWT) will ask every caretaker about the people under his care, and the man will be asked about the people of his household” (Nasa’i, Abu Da’ud). Parents should put in their best efforts to ensure that their children become true inheritors of Islam, and to keep Islam alive in their lives and their families’ lives after their death. Parental efforts are, therefore, quite instrumental in inculcating the love of Islam and the desire to worship in the right manner. Parents should also recognize that raising good children can be a source of their salvation in the hereafter. This is because if parents raise good Allah-fearing children, those children can constantly pray to Allah for their parents after their death. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:
“Upon death, man’s deeds will stop except for three deeds, namely: a continuous charitable fund, endowment or goodwill; knowledge left for people to benefit from; and a pious righteous and God-fearing child who continuously prays to Allah, for the souls of his parents” (Muslim).
To find a legal way and source of livelihood
Earning a halaal livelihood is a command of Allah and the responsibility of every man. Earning halaal saves one from begging, consuming haraam and doubtful things which are truly harmful.
Many aayaat as well as ahaadith have been given explaining how one should conduct oneself while seeking a halaal livelihood and regarding the importance of doing business and trade in accordance to the shariah. We see that Hazrat Umar [radhiallaahu anhu] would not allow a person to do business until he had learnt the Islaamic manners and etiquette of running a business. Thus, it is also essential that we too, learn the correct method of dealings, trade and that of running a business. Hazrat Abu Hurairah [radhiallaahu anhu] says that Nabi [صلى الله عليه وسلم] has said, "If a man brings a load of wood on his back, sells it and eats from its produce, itis far better than begging for bread and what about begging alm? Someone gives and some doesn't."
Rasulullah [صلى الله عليه وسلم] is reported to have said: "No one has ever eaten any food which is better than that which he had earned through working with his hands, and verily Allah's Nabi, Dawood [alayhis salaam] used to eat that which he earned with his hands."
Earning a livelihood is not only a duty in Islam, but a great virtue as well. Trade and commerce form an integral part of a Muslim's life and are regarded as acts of Divine worship. The quest for a living cannot be divorced from religious and moral ethics. Trade cannot be separated from trust in Allah Ta'ala, the Ultimate Provider.

Posted: 2013-10-18

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