10 Major Sins In Islam


10 Major Sins In Islam

The major sins in Islam are drawn from the following hadiths of the prophet pbuh: Ubaidullah b. Abu Bakr said: I heard Anas b. Malik saying: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) talked about the major sins, or he was asked about the major sins. Upon this he observed: Associating anyone with Allah, killing of a person, disobedience to parents. He (the Holy Prophet further) said: Should I not inform you about the gravest of the major sins, and (in this connection) observed: False utterance or false testimony. Shu'ba said. It was most probably" false testimony". It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: Avoid the seven noxious things. It was said (by the hearers): What are they, Messenger of Allah? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Associating anything with Allah, magic, killing of one whom God has declared inviolate without a just cause, consuming the property of an orphan, and consuming of usury, turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers, but unwary. Hence we will list down the major sins in decreasing order of graveness:

Shirk is viewed in Islam as a violation of Allah's right in the sense that to Allah alone belongs all worship, following and love in a manner it befits his majesty(not how you love your parents , wife etc). Infact Allah terms the person who commits Shirk as the greatest oppressor as he is trampling the fundamental rights of Allah : “Indeed shirk is the greatest oppression.” [Quran,Luqman: 13] And hence is the single biggest Sin in Islam to the extent there is no forgiveness for the person who commits it and dies without repenting. Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.(Nisaa, 4:48) In modern world following are some examples of Shirk, apart from outright Idolatry: - Grave Worship. - Building Mausoleums for dead saints or Prophets. - Invoking the dead or alive for supernatural help(e.g "Ya Ali Madad" is Shirk). - Doing acts of worship to show others.

Disobedience to parents
After polytheism(Shirk), the gravest sin is disobedience to parents. This is an evil that a true Muslim cannot even imagine without even imagine without repulsion. It is narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Allah postpones the punishment for one’s sins till the Day of Judgment if He so desires. But He award the punishment for disobeying the parents during this life, before his death."(Authentic, Al-Hakim) This means that the disobedient children will be punished twice; once in this world and secondly in the Hereafter.

False testimony or withholding testimony
Moreover, giving false testimony is as grave and sinful as shirk (associating partners with God) itself. At-Tirmithi and others reported that the Prophet delivered a sermon one day and said, "O people! Giving false testimony is equal to ascribing partners to Allah." He then recited, {So avoid the filth of idols and avoid false statement.} (Al-Hajj 22:30)
Islam not only enjoins giving testimony, it also forbids concealing it because concealing evidence is something that is disapproved of Islamically and detested by nature. Allaah Says (what means): "…And do not conceal testimony, for whoever conceals it-his heart is indeed sinful..."[Quran, 2:283]

According to Shari'ah, lying is not permitted except in specific cases which do not lead to loss of rights, bloodshed or slander of people’s honor, etc., but which concern saving lives, reconciling between people, or creating love between husband and wife. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is entrusted with something, he betrays that trust.” (Narrated by al-Bukhari, 33; Muslim, 59)

Practicing Magic
Magic is a knowledge which is to invoke evil jins and devils for fulfilling a purpose. The magician might not even know that he is committing a sin, but he actually calls upon jins instead of Allah and that too to harm other. It was always taken as an easy source to sow the seed of hatred between people thus magic is not only a shirk but also a sin of discomforting others because of one’s evil desires.

Unlawful Murder
Quran says that one who kills an innocent has killed a whole humanity. Thus Quran condemns it and does not restrict unjust killing to Muslim but also to non Muslims.

Consuming Property of Orphan
As declared , this is one of the seven cardinal sins in Islam. Ata' bin As-Sa'ib said that Said bin Jubayr said that IbnAbbas said, "When Allah revealed, (And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it.) and, (Verily, those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans.) those who were guardians of orphans separated their food from the orphans' food and their drink from their drink. When any of that food or drink remained, they used to keep it for the orphan until he or she ate it or it spoiled. This became difficult for the companions and they talked about it to the Messenger of Allah , and Allah sent down the Ayah, (And they ask you about orphans. Say: "The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers.") ﴿2:220﴾ Thereafter, they mixed their food and drink with food and drink of the orphans.'' Abu Dawud collected this statement. Allah's statement, (until he (or she) attains the age of full strength;), refers to reaching the age of adolescence, according to Ash-Sha`bi, Malik and several others among the Salaf.

Riba (Interest)
The ruling on riba is that it is haraam according to the Qur’aan and Sunnah and scholarly consensus. It is classified as one of the major sins, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “but whoever returns (to Ribaa), such are the dwellers of the Fire — they will abide therein”[al-Baqarah 2:275] “And if you do not do it, then take a notice of war from Allaah and His Messenger”[al-Baqarah 2:279]

Turning back from Jihad
According to the Qur’an and hadith, to flee from Jihad is a great Sin.The following verse concerns running away from a confrontation with unbelievers when they are less than twice the number of Muslims. “O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them. And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day- unless he turn aside for the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company then he, indeed, becomes deserving of Allah’s wrath and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall it be.”(Surah 8:15-16)

Calumny against Chaste women
Calumny against Chaste women is one of the great sins. On the issue, Allah stated: “Those who slander chaste women, indiscreet but believing, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter: for them is a grievous Penalty” (an-Nur, 24:23).
The punishment for this is flogging him/her eighty times and rejecting his/her witnessing: “And those who launch a charge against chaste women, and produce not four witnesses (to support their allegations), flog them with eighty stripes; and reject their evidence ever after: for such men are wicked transgressors” (an-Nur, 24:4).

Watch Video Series of Major Sins in Islam

Posted: 2013-10-20

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